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Writing an Article Review
Author: ADMIN (ukstudent at gmail dot com)
Published: Mon, 08-Jan-2007
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Writing an Article Review. Article by Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

When writing a review of an article published in a professional journal or anthology, focus on a topic or issue that draws your attention. Recognize that academics in most disciplines write within the context of their disciplines and include theoretical concerns and/or jargon specific to a discipline. Recognize that most authors assume that the reader has some background knowledge, which you might not have. Still, your job is to understand the logic, structure, and essence of the material in the article.

Some articles include a summary or abstract at the beginning of the article. Most articles follow a similar structure: (1) an introduction that sets the scene and a brief review of the relevant literature; (2) thesis statement or main focus of the article--i.e., what it is trying to prove; (3) the argument and supporting information and evidence; and (4) conclusions. Usually, articles have subheadings which permit skimming. A good trick is to read the first couple of paragraphs, then skip to the conclusions to get a feel for the author's argument. Then go back and read in detail, noting words and issues you don't understand and noting and the main points and supporting infomation.
Feel free to quote selectively from the article, especially if the author has a particularly pithy turn of phrase.

Your critical review should include (in paragraph, essay form but not necessarily in this order):

1. A title that reflects the thrust of your review. For example, the article title is "The Political Ecology of Deforestation in Chile." Your title might be "They're Only Trees: Cutting Down Old Growth Forests in Southern Chile."
2. A full bibliographic reference for the work, in proper style, just below your title.
3. Set the scene. What does the reader need to know to understand the main points of the article?
4. The author's thesis. Many writers do not state a clear thesis (because they are not as well trained in writing as you are), therefore you may have to figure it out yourself and state it in your own words. Sometimes, there may be three or four main points, not just one.
5. What is the author's argument and what information/evidence and sources does he/she use to support that argument?
6. What are the author's general conclusions?
7. Your critique: A critique is not whether you liked the article or not. Rather, you should assess whether the the main point(s) is really significant? Does the author's argument support the main point(s)? Is the evidence convincing? Are there wider ramifications to the conclusions? Can you apply this information to subjects with which you are familiar? Does the author employ a particular paradigm (such as postmodernism) or a particular theory (such as ecological materialism)? What don't you understand, and is this because you lack certain assumed knowledge or vocabulary or because the writer is unclear?
8. This list should not be considered all-inclusive nor restrictive. Journal articles vary greatly in subject, style, and methodology, so your review needs to reflect the material you are dealing with.

Copyright for this article belongs to Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

This document was re-printed with the kind permission of Jesse Sherman. Original Source of the article is located here: http://www.history.vt.edu/UDGArticleReview.htm

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